Coronary artery bypass surgery is a critical surgical procedure that has transformed the lives of countless individuals suffering from severe heart conditions. This life-saving intervention plays a pivotal role in restoring heart health and improving overall quality of life for patients.

In this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of coronary artery bypass surgery, exploring its purpose, procedure, recovery process, and the long-term benefits it provides. By shedding light on this crucial medical intervention, we aim to educate and empower readers with knowledge about this remarkable procedure and its potential impact on cardiovascular health.

Understanding Coronary Artery Disease:

Before we delve into CABG, let’s understand the condition it aims to treat: coronary artery disease. CAD occurs when the coronary arteries, responsible for supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle, become narrowed or blocked due to the build-up of fatty deposits called plaque. This can lead to chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, and in severe cases, heart attacks.


The Surgical Process: 

  • Preoperative Evaluation:Before the surgery, a thorough evaluation is conducted to assess the patient’s overall health, including their heart function, extent of coronary artery blockages, and any other underlying medical conditions.
  • Anaesthesia: CABG is performed under general anesthesia, ensuring the patient is asleep and pain-free throughout the procedure.
  • Incision: The surgeon makes an incision in the middle of the chest, typically along the sternum (breastbone), to access the heart.


  • Heart-Lung Bypass: To allow the surgeon to work on a still heart, a heart-lung bypass machine is employed. This machine temporarily takes over the functions of the heart and lungs, oxygenating and circulating the blood throughout the body.
  • Harvesting Grafts: The surgeon carefully selects healthy blood vessels, such as the internal mammary artery or veins from the leg (saphenous veins), to use as bypass grafts. These grafts are then prepared for attachment.
  • Bypass Grafting: The surgeon attaches one end of the graft to the aorta (the main artery that carries oxygenated blood from the heart), while the other end is connected to the coronary artery below the blocked or narrowed area. This bypass creates a new pathway for blood flow, bypassing the blockage and restoring normal blood supply to the heart muscle.
  • Completion of the Procedure: Once all necessary bypass grafts are created, the surgeon carefully checks for any bleeding or complications before closing the incision with sutures or staples. A temporary pacemaker may be placed to regulate the heart’s rhythm during the recovery period.

Benefits of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery:

Benefits of Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery:
  • Improved Blood Flow: CABG restores proper blood flow to the heart, relieving symptoms such as chest pain and shortness of breath.
  • Reduced Risk of Heart Attack: By bypassing blocked arteries, CABG significantly reduces the risk of heart attacks and other cardiac events.
  • Enhanced Quality of Life: Patients often experience improved energy levels, increased ability to participate in physical activities, and an overall better quality of life following CABG.
  • Prolonged Life Expectancy: CABG has been shown to increase long-term survival rates in patients with severe CAD.


  • Potential for Secondary Prevention: CABG may provide an opportunity to address other cardiovascular issues simultaneously, such as repairing heart valves or treating arrhythmias.


Coronary artery bypass surgery is a highly effective and life-saving procedure that restores blood flow to the heart, alleviating symptoms and improving the overall health and well-being of patients with severe coronary artery disease. As an experienced heart surgeon, Dr. Suresh Bhagia is provide the best coronary bypass surgery in Ahmedabad and very humble to perform this procedure and witness the remarkable transformations it brings to patients’ lives. If you or a loved one is facing severe CAD, consulting with Dr. Suresh Bhagia, a cardiac specialist to explore the possibility of CABG could be a crucial step towards a healthier future.

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